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SYNONYMS



Synonyms in short different word with same meaning.  Means it is a word which has the same or nearly the same meaning as the other word. 
OR
A word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.

How to attempt synonyms

  • Its possible, the question word and answer word must be the same part of speech.  For, example, if the question-word is in the past tense, the answer should also be in the past tense, and so on.
  • Don't fumble if you don't get the dictionary meaning.  You are only expected to choose the word, which has most nearly the same meaning.
  • A favourite trick of the examiner is to include antonym in answer choices for synonym question.  Be careful about what is asked before answering a question.
  • It may be possible to choose the correct answer by rejecting those words that simply cannot be the proper choice.  This is done by a process of reasoning and elimination.  However, you are advised to use this process only when you are not certain of the answer.  Remember that this process is very time consuming.
  • Don't ponder over a question for too long.  It is better to answer first those questions you know.  Then come back to those that you don't know.

 



But the point is that there are nothing like exact synonyms, but there are words which are similar in meaning.  So, the process of choosing the right word is a test of your overall knowledge of English rather that vocabulary.



Lets take some model questions

Q1.  He received the accolade he deserved so well.
a)  honour       b)  appreciation
c)  award        d)  greeting
Ans.  Accloade means words of praise.  Its synonym is "appreciation".  So (b) is correct answer.

Q2.  The guest were offended by his uncouth manners.
a)  undesirable       b)  wasteful
c)  dirty                    d)  ungracious
Ans.  Uncouth means strange.  Its synonym is d) 'ungracious'.

Q3.  Grandfather has been getting feeble of late.
a)  big           b)  weak
c)  tall            d)  small
Ans.  Feeble means frail.  Its synonym is b) weak.

Q4.  It was Pranil's practice to get up early and go for a walk before breakfast.
a)  habit                b)  rule
c)  convention      d)  fashion
Ans.  Practice means usual or customary action.  Its synonym is a)  habit.

Some more examples

Word
Meaning
Synonym
Vindictive
Means fired by revenge.
Revengeful
Excruciating
Means unbearable.
Severe
Opulent
Means wealthy
Rich
Sultry
Means characterised by or emiting opressive heat.
Hot and humid
Clog
Means to encumber or impede.
To block
Resuscitated
Means brought back to consciousness.
Revived
Rustic
Means uncouth
Unsophisticated
Complicity
Means association for wrongdoing
Connivance
Ingredients
Means various parts
Constituents
Rudimentary
Means existing in an imperfect or their developed form.
Basic
Bequeath
Means to hand down
To leave by will
Eulogised
Means appreciated
Praised
Ingenious
Means clever
Skilful
Caused
Means led to
Brought about
Archaic
Means obsolete
Outdated
Perpetual
Means time and again
Repeated

These are just few example but a lot of similar meaning words also are there.  These are as follows :

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